If there is already some confusion as to what a professional corrector really does, at the moment we are talking about ortho typographical correction and style, we often find a kind of totum revolutum that, although in the case of the profane It is perfectly understandable, for the author of a work and for anyone involved in an editorial service is absolutely essential. Both specialties are part of the linguistic advice that will end with the publication and publication of a work. However, each of these corrections has its own characteristics that we will try to explain in detail in this entry.
The ortho typographical correction:
Corrects spelling and punctuation errors
Guarantees that the spelling complies with the rules of the RAE (2010), such as the use of capital letters, abbreviations, misspellings, accents, writing of figures, magnitudes and their symbols …
Check and correct (if necessary) the typographical resources used: italics, quotation marks, bold letters, little verses, moles, numbering …
Unify criteria in those issues not subject to regulations (such as the use of bold, italics and quotation marks).
When the correction is made on the text already formatted for printed version (compiled), it will detect widows and orphans (no, we have not gone crazy, we are still talking about the correction), repetition of syllables in consecutive lines and bad words; likewise, to point out errors in the treatment of targets, margins, short lines, fillets and foliation.
Eliminate vocabulary errors and inaccuracies.
It eliminates fillers (ok?), Lexical vices and increases the lexical wealth.
It corrects grammatical errors and adjusts the text to established norms and uses.
Solves the syntactic inconsistencies (concordance, adequacy of verb tenses, the correct use of prepositions …) and gives greater fluidity and adequacy to the text by choosing syntactic resources according to it (connectors, subordinates, elimination of pleonasms .. ..).
If we are lucky enough to have a style book, adapt the text to its guidelines.
It makes the text sound authentic in its language and understandable to the reader it is intended for (a reader from Spain is not the same as one from Mexico or Colombia, for example).
The elaboration of other aspects, such as index and pagination, can be done either in one type of correction or in the other, depending on the agreement reached by the author / editor with the proofreader.
It is important to point out that although the correction makes changes in a work, the proofreader never changes the personal style of the author and must always respect and consult him. It is, therefore, a work in complicity with the author, sometimes misunderstood and ungrateful, which makes some writers, out of ignorance, see the proofreader with fear and fear that he will take his personal stamp, when not There is nothing further from reality.
The orthophotographic correction of a text is an essential phase if you want to publish a text, while the style correction is not essential but it is recommended. However, if for economic reasons, we can only afford one, it will always be the ortho typography. A reader will not always remember the publisher or the title of a book, but always remember the author, so it is your responsibility (and the publisher, if you have one), to offer a product with a good finish.
When requesting a budget for any of the two corrections, we need to know the number of matrices. That is, the number of characters with spaces in the text (“letters” are counted, but also scores and spaces between words and words). The number of matrices is divided into thousands and the rates usually refer to X € per 1000 matrices. The resulting amount is the full rate for correcting a work. To that amount, we will have to add the VAT (Treasury we are all, yeah!) And apply the corresponding withholding (which subtracts euros from the invoice). Due to the greater complexity of the style correction, its rate is higher than that of the orthotypography.
The professional who makes the ortho typographical correction must be different from the one who makes the style correction. Why? Well simply because we are still human beings (for the moment the only recognized cyborg is this) and four eyes see more than two, eliminating in this way any rebellious errata that could have leaked. The ideal is to make an ortho typographical correction with the text already formatted; thus, it is verified that no involuntary text movements have been made, in which case they are quickly corrected. As an author, you deserve that your name is associated with a work, at least, well corrected. As a reader, you deserve, regardless of format, not to have to distract you by chasing errata or grammatical errors.
Because in the end, as in many things of life, it is about enjoying; some, creating and others, submerging us in the imaginary lives that the first ones provide us.